• Installing/Configuring
  • Runtime Configuration

  • Runtime Configuration
  • Runtime Configuration

    Runtime Configuration

    The behaviour of these functions is affected by
    settings in php.ini.

    OCI8 Configuration Options
    Name Default Changeable Changelog
    oci8.connection_class “” PHP_INI_ALL Available since PHP 5.3 (PECL OCI8 1.3).
    oci8.default_prefetch “100” PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.1.2 (PECL OCI8 1.1).
    oci8.events Off PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.3 (PECL OCI8 1.3).
    oci8.max_persistent “-1” PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.1.2 (PECL OCI8 1.1).
    oci8.old_oci_close_semantics Off PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.1.2 (PECL OCI8 1.1).
    oci8.persistent_timeout “-1” PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.1.2 (PECL OCI8 1.1).
    oci8.ping_interval “60” PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.1.2 (PECL OCI8 1.1).
    oci8.privileged_connect Off PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.1.2 (PECL OCI8 1.1).
    oci8.statement_cache_size “20” PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.1.2 (PECL OCI8 1.1).

    Here’s a short explanation of the configuration

    oci8.connection_class string

    This user defined text is used by Oracle
    11g Database Resident Connection Pooling
    (DRCP) connections to sub-partition the connection pool. It allows
    OCI8 persistent connections from an application to reuse database
    sessions from a previous PHP script, giving better scalability.
    When an application uses a database pooled process previously used
    with a different connection class, the session settings such as the
    default Oracle date format are reset. This prevents accidental
    sharing of information between different applications.

    The value can be set at runtime with ini_set() prior to connecting.

    To use DRCP, OCI8 must be linked with Oracle
    11g libraries and the database must be
    Oracle 11g. The connection pool must be
    enabled in the database, the oci8.connection_class should
    be set to the same string for all web servers running the same
    application, and the OCI8 connection string must specify to use a
    pooled server.

    oci8.default_prefetch int

    This option sets the default number of extra rows
    that will be fetched and cached automatically whenever a low-level
    request for data from the database is made. Setting a value of
    0 turns off prefetching.

    The prefetch value does not alter the number of
    rows that functions like oci_fetch_array() return to the user; the
    prefetching and caching of rows is handled internally in OCI8.

    The value can be set per-statement with
    oci_set_prefetch() prior to statement

    In PHP 5.3 (PECL OCI8 1.3.4) the default value was
    increased from 10 to 100.

    In PHP 5.3.2 (PECL OCI8 1.4) the minimum value
    settable was reduced from 1 to 0, allowing
    prefetching to be turned off.

    When using Oracle Database 12c or later, the prefetch value set by PHP can be
    overridden by Oracle’s client oraaccess.xml configuration
    file. Refer to Oracle documentation for more detail.

    Note: A
    larger prefetch can result in improved performance, at the cost of
    some increased memory usage. For queries that return large amounts
    of data, the performance benefit can be significant.


    Using On allows PHP to be notified of
    database Fast Application Notification (FAN) events.

    Without FAN, when a database instance or machine
    node fails unexpectedly, PHP applications may be blocked waiting
    for a database response until a TCP timeout expires. With FAN
    events, PHP applications are quickly notified of failures that
    affect their established database connections. The OCI8 extension
    will clean up unusable connections in the persistent connection

    When using On, the database must also be
    configured to post FAN events.

    FAN support is available when OCI8 is linked with
    Oracle 10gR2 (or later) libraries and
    connected to Oracle Database 10gR2 (or

    oci8.max_persistent int

    The maximum number of persistent OCI8 connections
    per PHP process. Setting this option to -1 means that there is no

    oci8.old_oci_close_semantics boolean

    This option controls oci_close() behaviour. Enabling it means that
    oci_close() will do nothing; the connection
    will not be closed until the end of the script. This is for
    backward compatibility only. If you find that you need to enable
    this setting, you are strongly encouraged
    to adjust the oci_close()
    calls in your application instead of enabling this option.

    oci8.persistent_timeout int

    The maximum number of seconds that a PHP process is
    allowed to keep an idle persistent connection open. Setting this
    option to -1 means that idle persistent connections will be
    retained until the PHP process terminates or the connection is
    explicitly closed with oci_close().

    Note: In
    PHP, the expiry of idle resources is not alarm-based. It occurs
    when PHP finishes processing a script and checks the last-used
    timestamp of resources. Hence there is a paradox that idle
    connections can only be closed when there is some activity (though
    not necessarily OCI8 related) in the PHP process. If there is more
    than one PHP process then each must individually be activated in
    order to trigger expiry of its idle resources. The introduction of
    Database Resident Connection Pooling (DRCP) in Oracle 11g resolves the memory and resource issues that
    oci8.max_persistent and oci8.persistent_timeout
    previously attempted to overcome.

    Note: In PHP
    5.3 (PECL OCI8 1.3), persistent connections can be closed with

    oci8.ping_interval int

    The number of seconds that must pass before issuing
    a ping during oci_pconnect(). A ping ensures that the
    database connection is valid. When set to 0, persistent connections
    will be pinged every time oci_pconnect() is called. To disable pings
    completely, set this option to -1.

    Note: Disabling pings allows oci_pconnect() to operate at the highest
    efficiency, but PHP may not be able to detect unusable connections,
    such as caused by network dropout, or if the Oracle database has
    gone down since PHP connected, until the connection is used later
    in the script. Consult the oci_pconnect() documentation for more

    oci8.privileged_connect boolean

    This option allows connections to use the
    privileged external credentials

    Note: Seting
    this On can allow scripts on web servers running with the
    appropriate OS user privileges to connect as privileged database
    users without requiring a database password. This can be a security

    oci8.statement_cache_size int

    This option enables statement caching, and
    specifies how many statements to cache. To disable statement
    caching just set this option to 0.

    Statement caching removes the need to transmit the
    statement text to the database and removes the need to transmit any
    meta data about the statement back to PHP. This can significantly
    improve overall system performance in applications which reuse
    statements during the lifetime of a connection. Some extra database
    “cursors” may be held open under the assumption that statements
    will be reused.

    Set this value to the size of the working set of
    statements used by your application. Setting too small a value can
    cause statements to be flushed from the cache before they are

    This option is of most use with persistent

    When using Oracle Database 12c, this value can be overridden and automatically
    tuned by Oracle’s client oraaccess.xml file. Refer to
    Oracle documentation for more detail.